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The News

Nirbheek.. India's new self-defense gun for women...

Nirbheek, a Hindi word for "Fearless", was released this month by the Indian Ordnance Factory. It is a lightweight copy of an old Webley Mk IV, designed to be used by women.  Lightweight probably means titanium, and the little revolver is chambered for the .32 long and short cartridges.  Most military handgun cartridges are illegal in India, though that is being relaxed in area's that have higher terrorist threats. There is also an added safety, the earlier Webley revolver did not have.  The Ordnance Factories are India's Military Industrial Complex and were formed as early as the 1700's when the Brits ruled the roost. 

picture of Nirbheek revolver

The recent gang rapes in India prompted the manufacture of this gun.  India has a lot of guns, probably over 40 million already, most of which are not registered.  It's hard to say it this gun will have any effect, as a women convicted of killing someone with it is liable to get life, rape or no rape.  The Nirbheek is expected to bring $2000. US.


picture of Nirbheek flyer



Would you volunteer for World War One?

Volunteer Opportunity – First World War Project

picture of WW1 soldiers

GM 1914, Manchester's WW1 History website

What would I be doing?

The people of Greater Manchester were involved in the First World War at home and in combat. The war had profound effects on families, working lives, medicine and on democratic rights.

You would be supporting the archives service by bringing these war and home front stories to life by:-

•    Researching archive and local studies collections
•    Digitising archive and local studies collections
•    Transcribing archive and local studies collections
•    Blogging about your work
•    Giving support for promotional events and exhibitions
•    Providing specialist expertise or knowledge on a particular project

(Placements may include one or more of these tasks, which will be agreed prior to the placement)

When can I do my Archive volunteering?

Volunteering opportunities are mostly during office hours: Mon-Fri 9-5.
There may also be opportunities to volunteer from home, usually on projects which involve word processing, transcribing or indexing.

Where will I be volunteering?

Volunteering opportunities are available at archives and local studies departments across Greater Manchester. Please contact Nicky Crewe on 0161 832 5284 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for more information on how to apply in your area. Occasionally we hold events at outside venues.  If you are over 16 and interested in getting involved alongside archives staff then this could also be part of the opportunity

Who will be there with me?

Archives and library staff at Greater Manchester archives and local studies departments. Other archives volunteers

Support and review

Regular support and guidance will be given by a named contact.  There will be a 4 week trial period to ensure that all is going well – another volunteer opportunity may be suggested if the trial period has shown that this would be better for both parties

Training, resources and information

A full induction will be given, and further training offered where appropriate in blogging, digitising, social media and image software.

This opportunity would suit someone who has some of these skills:

•    Good communication skills and enthusiasm
•    An understanding of ICT and the ability to assist others in the use of ICT
•    A passion for history / genealogy / the First World War
•    An attention for detail
•    Works well with others
•    Able to carry archives for short durations and distances
•    Willingness to adhere to security and preservation guidelines

What will I get from volunteering?    Some of the benefits are:

•    Gaining experience of working with, researching and digitising archives
•    Gaining interpretation skills in reporting on your work
•    Opportunity to increase self-confidence
•    Valuable training and experience in social media, digital images and blogging that can be included in CVs and job applications
•    Satisfaction from helping people to discover and enjoy archives

If you are interested in getting involved please contact:

Greater Manchester County Record Office : Nicky Crewe, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

or contact your local archive:
Bolton: Julie Lamara, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Bury: Gill Paxton, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Oldham: Joanne Robson, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Rochdale: Julian Jefferson, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Salford: Duncan McCormick, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Stockport: Margaret Myerscough, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Tameside: Larysa Bolton, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Trafford: Karen Cliff, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Wigan: Alex Miller, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Book Review-The K-Frame Revolver by Timothy Mullin

Timothy Mullin's book, "The K-Frame Revolver, the S&W Phenomenon Volume 2", is a continuation of his first book, "Magnum - the S&W .357 Magnum Phenomenon", published in 2012.  This volume more than continues the story but also focuses on the popular K-Frame Smith itself.  With S&W producing close to eight million examples of this quality handgun over the last hundred years, there are plentiful specimens to collect, and at prices that haven't risen to rarefied heights as some guns, notably the Colt single action, have.  They are collected, but maybe not so much because a lot of people are still using them for their intended purpose, for security and self-defense.

picture of K-Frame Revolvers book

The first K-Frame was built in 1899 for the US Army, who was having trouble in the Philippines with Moro tribesmen.  The military had downsized their handguns to .38 Long Colt from the older .45 Colt single actions and were now paying the price.  S&W had developed a superior .38 cartridge, the .38 S&W Special, and also developed a larger frame pistol to go with it.  This was the first K-Frame, with many upon many iterations to come, following through with the Military & Police model for WW2, of which many millions were made for the war effort, culminating in the Model 686 in .357 Magnum, one of my favorite handguns of all time.

picture of K-Frame Revolver

This book runs to 750 pages.  It is staggering how many images there are.  Every conceivable detail on these guns is addressed somewhere in the book.  You can pick this up, open to a random page, and get lost for hours, as I have.  Granted you probably have to be interested in the subject in the first place, but most men and some women are, and a lot of those already know what a great handgun the K-Frame is. There are plenty of illustrations of the actions and explanations for each new wrinkle in development.  And details of S&W's competitors in the marketplace are covered also, like the Colt handguns, the .38 S&W Webleys, and Spanish copies of the 1930's through Rossi and Taurus in more modern times.  

Mr. Mullin and Collector Grade Publications have tapped the resources of many a collector, and pictures of their guns are also included along with some of my own.  I have enjoyed many K-Frame Smiths over the years, carried one in Vietnam, and hope to enjoy many more.   I recommend this book to anyone interested in the Smith & Wesson revolver.

picture of K-Frame Revolver book

The K-Frame Revolver from Collector Grade Publications

Death of the fighter....

The fighter was born on April 1st, 1915.  Roland Garros, a French pilot, got his first victory in the air with his Moraine Saulnier aircraft equipped with a forward firing machine gun, the first in history.  Other planes had guns in the front, like the Vickers Gunbus, but they had gunners.  The true effectiveness of the fighter wasn't achieved until a fixed gun was controlled by the pilot. He achieved this feat by attaching metal wedges on his propeller to deflect any bullets that might hit it.  Within two weeks he was an ace.  The solution he used was pretty hard on propellers, shattering some of them anyway. He was forced down later that month, and once Anthony Fokker saw his plane he quickly developed the interrupter gear that made the fighter into the ultimate killing machine of the air.

pic of Morane Saulnier

The United States have developed the ultimate fighters of modern times, the F-22 and the F-35, which can not only carry huge payloads, but get them there without being discovered by radar.  However, even their reign will come to an end soon.  Cheap computers and sensors will soon make their life miserable in the air, and their role will be to get some payloads in the air, to be released and hunt on their own, leaving the fighters to vacate the area as quickly as possible before they are hunted and killed by swarms of networked hunter/killer missiles.

The US has been in this game for a while now, starting as long ago as 1998 with their LOCAAS or Low Cost Autonomous Attack System.  This reduces the size of the warhead and makes it better to adapt to conditions on it's own, without any influence from the pilot of the aircraft carrying it.  This system has already morphed into the SDB or the Small Diameter Bomb System.  The system extends the standoff range, guides itself with GPS and INS (Inertial Navigation System), and also carries anti-jam and anti-spoofing modules.  The size is smaller to reduce collateral damage, but it is still a killer, able to penetrate three feet of reinforced concrete.  And if they are destroyed in the air, we lose no humans or expensive F-35's.  

picture of SBS

Another thing that will kill fighters will be the inability and cost to protect aircraft carriers.  Other countries are developing weapons that will swarm the target, each equipped with different sensors and networked together, making a carrier quite a tempting target.  It will be much cheaper to outfit a lot of Arleigh Burke class destroyers delivering the same ordnance, with smaller cross sections  to attack.  The US has developed the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) mostly because the Chinese already have better anti-ship missiles than we do.  It has been successfully tested and has autonomously flew long range, identified and hit the target.  On it's own.  

diagram of LRASM's use

Other countries may not be able to match the US's sophistication in these matters, but they are plenty capable of building autonomous systems on their own, and sometimes cheaper is better, as you can build lots more of them, potentially swamping the defense of a ship at sea.  The aircraft carrier may not disappear, but like the battleship before it, it's time is almost up.


Birth of the fighter plane, 1915

Rise of the Missile Carriers, US Navy Institute

The Diplomat -LRASM

More 3D Printed Guns...

Most of the 3D printed gun stories around the net are plastic things that are lucky to get a round off.  One of those is a one shot wonder by Defense Distributed, and there is a rifle floating around called the Grizzly 2.0 that has fired several .22 caliber long rifle bullets, but none of them is something you'd go to war with.  Now there is a gun you can take to battle, but it's not made on a cheap 3D printer out of plastic, but a commercial 3D printer using stainless steel sintered metal.

picture of 3D printed gun

It's built by Solid Concepts, and is a classic 1911 design.  It's had 50 rounds through it so far, and the company says it's still in perfect shape, ready for more.  They said they chose the design because it was in the public domain, but I think it was because it was a relatively simple gun which is quite robust.  Even the barrel is printed (!) making 3D printing a new possible paradigm in gun manufacture.  They say they can make parts much more accurate than machining, and much less porosity than investment cast parts.  (This does suggest that there is much more porosity than machined steel...).  Needless to say, Police departments and cities that are freaking out about 3D guns may really have something to worry about.  However, printing a decent 3D gun is never going to be cheap, and doubtful that it will be in your basement anytime soon.  

picture of printed gun componants

Nevertheless, Philadelphia isn't taking any chances. They have just banned 3D printed guns from the city.